Supporting your child with reading and phonics.
The best way to help your child to read is by sharing books regularly. The children will bring home a book to read to you, but they don't have to read a whole book each night. Sometimes a few pages is enough and then you can read the rest of the book.
Reading bedtime stories is a brilliant way to help your child in the following ways:
- listen to stories beyond their own reading ability;
- understand that reading is an enjoyable activity;
- develop favourite stories;
- learn new vocabulary;
- learn structures of texts so they can apply these in their writing later on;
- establish a bedtime routine and help settle for a good night's sleep.
We are often asked for advice on how you can support your child with their reading and phonics at home. Below are a selection of short videos made by our teaching staff which answer some of those frequently asked questions. They aim to help you understand some of the jargon and to give you practical tips on how to support your child. Additional information is further down the page. We hope you find these useful!
Film 1 - Introduction to reading at home.
Film 2 - Do I have to read with my child every night?
Film 3 - How can I help my child who is only just beginning to read? My child loves books but makes up the words. What can I do?
Film 4 - What is phonics? What is sounding out? What is a 'digraph'?
Film 5 - Can you sound out every word? What is a camera word? (These words are also known as common words or high frequency words and can be found under the spelling page on our Parent page.)
Film 6 - What should I do if my child gets stuck on a word?
Film 7 - What can I do if my child reads the words well but doesn't understand what they've read?
How to say the letters.
We want children to learn the letter names and sounds but what's the difference? Letter names are what we say when we recite the alphabet or when we spell a word for someone. It's important children learn these and we start to teach them the alphabet from Reception.
What's more useful is the letter sounds. When you know the letter sounds you can begin to sound out and blend (put together to read) words. The most important thing is to say the sound quickly without adding an ‘uh’ sound after them.
Here is a short video explaining these concepts and demonstrating how to say the letter sounds correctly.
Of course, letters make different sounds in different words. Take the letter 'a' for example. Look at the different sounds this letter makes in the following words:
cat fast pizza
We teach children that letters usually make a certain sound but that there are always exceptions. This way when they come across something that doesn't work they know they can try other sounds.
Practising at home.
Children need to recognise letters automatically. A great way to do this is with flashcards. The children are sent home with their new letters in Reception. The more they look at them and say them the more automatic these letters will become. (It's suggested that children need to read something over 80 times before it becomes 'known'). Stick a new sound on the fridge, the bathroom wall etc and say it as often as possible. Think of words beginning with this sound. Look around when you're out and about at shop signs etc for examples of that letter. Practise writing the letter and saying the sound at the same time.
We don't teach the letters in the order of the alphabet. This is so the children can start to read and make whole words very quickly. For example, we teach the following letters first: s, a, t, p, i, n because with these 6 letters you can make lots of little words e.g. sat, pin, pat, pit, tin, sit, it, sip etc.
What on earth is a digraph?
A digraph is simply a sound which is represented by two letters ('di' comes from the greek for two and 'graph' means letter). Your children will begin to learn these in Reception. The most common ones which they will begin to learn are th, sh, ch, ee, oo, ng. Look out for these in words and point them out.
For more information on some of these terms go to our Jargon Buster page under the Parents page.